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Analysis of the Role of Each Part of the Laser Cutting Machine
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Analysis of the Role of Each Part of the Laser Cutting Machine

Views: 0     Author: HanTenCNC     Publish Time: 2021-11-29      Origin: Site

laser cutting machine

The birth of the laser cutting machine has given us an unprecedented improvement in the development of our industry. If there is no laser cutting machine, what will happen to many complex fashion products in our lives? What will happen to our national economy? Everything is unimaginable! Since the laser cutting machine has brought such a great effect to our economy and life, the important role of each part of the laser cutting machine is that it can complete the high-tech product because of the following functions.


1) The main machine part of the machine tool: 

the machine part of the laser cutting machine, the mechanical part that realizes the movement of the X, Y, and Z axes, including the cutting work platform. It is used to place the workpiece to be cut and can move it correctly and accurately according to the control program, usually driven by a servo motor.


2) Laser generator: 

a device that generates a laser light source.


3) Outer optical path: 

Refractive reflector, used to guide the laser in the required direction. In order to prevent the beam path from malfunctioning, all mirrors must be protected by a protective cover, and a clean positive pressure protective gas should be introduced to protect the lens from contamination.


4) Numerical control system: 

Control the machine tool to realize the movement of X, Y, Z axis, and also control the output power of the laser.


5) Regulated power supply:

Connected between the laser, CNC machine tool and the power supply system. Mainly play a role in preventing interference from external power grids.


6) Cutting head: 

It mainly includes parts such as cavity, focusing lens holder, focusing lens, capacitive sensor and auxiliary gas nozzle. The cutting head driving device is used to drive the cutting head to move along the Z-axis according to the program, and is composed of a servo motor and transmission parts such as a screw or gear.


7) Operating table: 

Used to control the working process of the entire cutting device.


8) Water chiller: 

Used to cool the laser generator. A laser is a device that converts electrical energy into light energy. For example, the conversion rate of a CO2 gas laser is generally 20%, and the remaining energy is converted into heat. The cooling water takes away the excess heat to keep the laser generator working normally. The chiller also cools the light path mirror and focusing mirror outside the machine tool to ensure a stable beam transmission quality and effectively prevent the lens from being deformed or broken due to excessive temperature.


9) Gas cylinders: 

Including laser cutting machine working medium gas cylinders and auxiliary gas cylinders, which are used to supplement the industrial gas for laser oscillation and supply auxiliary gas for the cutting head.

10) Air compressor, air storage tank: 

Provide and store compressed air.


11) Air cooling dryer, filter: 

Used to supply clean and dry air to the laser generator and beam path to keep the path and reflector working normally.


12) Ventilation dust collector: 

Extract the smoke and dust produced during processing, and carry out filtering treatment, so that the exhaust gas discharge meets the environmental protection standards.


13) Slag discharge machine: 

Remove the leftovers and scraps generated during processing.


Based on the above analysis, the role of the laser cutting machine brings immeasurable wealth to the development of society, solves the demanding requirements of precision, detail and beauty in our daily lives, and brings us unlimited creative products.


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